Ideal Physical Activities for Senior Population
As we grow old we start losing our functioning capability, this is associated to decline of body physiological functioning that leads to loss of body muscle mass, low metabolism decreased cardiac output among other vital functionalities the consequence is the inability to efficiently perform physical activities which continues to decline as your age advances. The process of aging can leave a person dependent on others for the assistance of daily activities, however, it is possible to counter and slow physiological effects of aging through regular physical activities, but it is good to mention that exercise program for the senior population should be individualized to meet the person physical needs this is because this group is categorized as a high-risk group in physical exercises and they need constant monitoring. Seniors mainly need assistance with basic activities such as feeding, dressing, and bathing these challenges can be tackled using personalized exercises that address these challenges, this article highlights some physical exercises that can be used to help seniors to improve their day to day living.
You will notice seniors struggling with basic activities of daily living (ADL) such as bathing, feeding, dressing as well as instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) like cooking, shopping, and other home chores because of age-related conditions such as arthritis that affect their flexibility, depreciated muscles which prevent them from maintaining exercise for long, heart problems which exposes them to risk of cardiac arrest, all these make it challenging to fit and engage this group into an exercise regimen. Designing physical activities that improve flexibility and fine motor skills of this group can help them improve their ADL and IADL, some of the lost functionalities are from small muscle groups, and therefore focusing on exercises targeting such muscles can greatly boost their ADL.
Low to moderate aerobic exercises are recommended for this group, such aerobics activities include but not limited to walking, hydrodynamics exercises, swimming, and cycling, it is however recommended to maintain constant monitoring of their heart rate, blood pressure as well as their ratings of perceived exertion to make sure they are safe at all time, where applicable collect and keep their performance data which you can use to adjust, manipulate and improve the exercise program to ensure there is gradual progress on their health goals without putting them on any risks.
Senior population is also at high risk of experiencing deteriorated and irreversible brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s this condition can also be slowed by keeping the seniors active with ADL and IADL such as walking, cooking, and dancing. You can use highlighted exercises to design a good exercise program for the senior population.
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